It is arguably the most difficult thing to explain in American politics: How the Electoral College system of electing a new President works and what is the thinking behind it. Republicans are now pushing for a change in the way Nebraska and Pennsylvania award their Electoral College votes in the name of fairness.
If supporters of change get their way, the states would flip flop.
Right now, Nebraska and Maine are the only states that award electoral votes based on how the Presidential vote went in the various Congressional districts. It was a rare event in 2008 when Nebraska split its five electoral votes. Since Barack Obama won the 2nd Congressional District, he received one electoral vote. The other four went to John McCain. Republicans in the Republican-leaning state are pushing to change it to an all or nothing system.
Supporters of switching the system in Nebraska say it would be fair because it would not divide Nebraskans based on where they live.
In Pennsylvania, like most states, it is all or nothing. In 2008, Pennsylvania’s electoral votes went to Obama. State lawmakers are debating whether to divide the electoral votes up like Nebraska Republicans in the Democratic-leaning state are pushing for change. That would likely given the Republican nominee an advantage.
Supporters of switching the system in Pennsylvania say it would be fair because it would be more in line with the popular vote in the state.